HIV AND STD'S

Information about STDs:

Below we have included basic information about the STDs covered in DFY. For more information please visit: http://www.cdc.gov/std/healthcomm/fact_sheets.htm. This site contains extensive information about all STDs.

Chlamydia at a Glance

• A common sexually transmitted disease (STD)
• Often has no symptoms
• Easily treated
• Easily spread with or without symptoms.
• Condoms offer good protection

Chlamydia (klah MIH dee ah) is an infection caused by a kind of bacteria that is passed during sexual contact. It is the most common sexually transmitted bacterial infection in the United States. About three million American women and men become infected with Chlamydia every year. It is especially common among women and men under 25.

Chlamydia can infect the penis, vagina, cervixanusurethra, eye, or throat.

Gonorrhea at a Glance

• A common sexually transmitted disease (STD)
• Often has no symptoms
• Easily treated
• Easily spread with or without symptoms
• Condoms offer good protection

You may have heard of gonorrhea, but many people are not sure what it is. Gonorrhea (gon-o-RHEE-a) is an infection caused by a kind of bacteria that is passed during sexual contact. It can infect the penis, vagina, cervix, anus, urethra, or throat. Sometimes it is called "the clap" or "the drip."

Gonorrhea can be a serious health risk if it is not treated. It affects about 600,000 women and men in the United States every year.

Herpes at a Glance

• A very common sexually transmitted disease (STD)
• Can affect the mouth (oral herpes) or genitals (genital herpes)
• Easily spread with or without symptoms
• Treatment available for herpes symptoms
• There are ways to reduce your risk of getting herpes

Herpes is a very common infection. It is caused by two different but closely related viruses. The viruses are herpes simplex virus type 1 (HSV-1) and herpes simplex virus type 2 (HSV-2). Both are easy to catch. They remain in the body for life and can produce symptoms that come and go.

Both forms of herpes can infect the oral area, the genital area, or both. When the infection is on or near the mouth, it is called oral herpes. Oral herpes is caused most often by HSV-1. When a herpes infection is on or near the sex organs, it is called genital herpes. Genital herpes is caused most often by HSV-2.

Up to 8 out of 10 American adults have oral herpes. And about 1 out of 4 American adults have genital herpes. Millions of people do not know they have herpes because they never had, or noticed, the herpes symptoms.

HPV at a Glance

• A very common infection
• A few types can lead to cervical and other cancers
• Treatment available for cell changes in the cervix caused by HPV
• Spread easily by skin-to-skin contact
• There are ways to reduce your risk of getting HPV

HPV stands for human papillomavirus. There are more than 100 types of HPV. Some types produce warts — plantar warts on the feet and common hand warts. About 40 types of HPV can infect the genital area — the vulva, vagina, cervixrectumanus, penis, or scrotum.

Genital HPV infections are very common. HPV is so common that about half of all men and more than 3 out of 4 women have HPV at some point in their lives. But most people who have HPV don't know it.

• Most HPV infections have no harmful effect at all.
• Some types of HPV may cause genital warts. These are called low-risk types of HPV.
• Some types of HPV may cause cell changes that sometimes lead to cervical cancer and certain other genital and throat cancers. These are called high-risk types. This page discusses these high-risk types.

Although most HPV infections go away within 8 to 13 months, some will not. HPV infections that do not go away can "hide" in the body for years and not be detected. That's why it is impossible to know exactly when someone got infected, how long they've been infected, or who passed the infection to them.

If you have HPV, you should not be ashamed or afraid. Most people who have had sex have HPV at some point in their lives. And most infections go away on their own.

Syphilis at a Glance

• A sexually transmitted disease (STD)
• Often has no symptoms
• Treatment available in the early stages
• Condoms offer good protection

You may have heard of syphilis, but many people are not sure what it is. Syphilis (SIFF-I-lis) is a sexually transmitted disease caused by bacteria that are passed sexually. It can infect the vagina, anus, urethra, or penis, as well as the lips and mouth.

Syphilis can be a serious health risk if it is not treated. About 36,000 American women and men become infected with syphilis every year.

Trichomoniasis at a Glance

• Often called "trich"
• A sexually transmitted infection
• Often has no symptoms
• Easily treated
• Condoms reduce your risk of infection

You may have heard of Trichomoniasis, or "trich," but many people are not sure what it is. Trichomoniasis (trick-oh-mo-NEYE-ah-sis) is an infection caused by a protozoan — a microscopic, one-cell animal called a trichomona. Trichomoniasis is often called "trich." More than eight million Americans are infected with trich every year. Trich is one of the most common causes of vaginitis.